razem: 67025

...::: JANKIEL ADLER :::...


He was born as the seventh of ten children in Tuszyn, a suburb of Łódź. In 1912 he began training as an engraver with his uncle in Belgrade. He moved in 1914 to Germany where he lived for a time with his sister in Barmen. There he studied at the college of arts and crafts with professor Gustav Wiethücher.
From 1918-1919 he went back to Łódź , where he was joint founder of a group of avant-garde artists. In 1920 he returned briefly to Berlin; in 1921 he returned to Barmen, and in 1922 he moved to Düsseldorf. There he became a teacher at the Academy of Arts, and became acquainted with a friend Paul Klee who influenced his work. A painting by Adler received a gold medal at the exhibition "German art Düsseldorf" in 1928.
In 1929 and 1930 he went on study trips in Mallorca and other places in Spain. During the election campaign of July 1932 he published with a group of leftist artists and intellectuals an urgent appeal against the policy of the National Socialists and for communism. As a modern artist, and especially as a Jew, he faced persecution under Hitler's regime which took power in 1933. In that year, two of his pictures were displayed by the Nazis at the Mannheimer Arts Center as examples of degenerate art, and Adler left Germany and settled in Paris where he met another major influence, Pablo Picasso In Parise he regarded his exile consciously as political resistance against the fascist regime in Germany. In the years that followed, he made numerous journeys to Poland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Romania and the Soviet Union. In 1937, twenty-five of his works were seized from public collections by the Nazis and four were shown in the Entartete Kunst (Degenerate Art) exhibition in Munich.
With the outbreak of World War II in 1939, he volunteered for the Polish Army that had been reconstituted in France; in 1941 he was dismissed for health reasons and lived thereafter in Kirkcudbright in Scotland and lived here for about 3 or 4 months renting a studio in Millburn Street from Charles Oppenheimer, a long-established artist in the town. He painted "The Venus of Kirkcudbright" and probably most of the other works which were exhibited in 1943 in a solo exhibition at the Redfern Gallery, London where he moved in 1943.
Adler died on April 25, 1949 at the age of 53 years in Whitley Cottage in Castle Street, Aldbourne which is still there today.
His grave is located on Jewish cemetery Bushy Road in London

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